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17 Februari 2024

Greenland: The Largest Island in the World

| 17 Februari 2024
Facts about Greenland

Greenland, an epic island spanning the waters of the North Atlantic, holds the title as the largest island in the world by area. Serving as a focal point for researchers, adventurers, and nature enthusiasts alike, Greenland offers a stunning landscape with majestic glaciers, breathtaking volcanoes, and unique wildlife.

Geography and Location

Situated between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean, Greenland is geographically located in the Northern Arctic region. The island borders the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest, the Norwegian Sea to the south, and the Greenland Sea to the northeast. With an area of over 2.1 million square kilometers, Greenland forms part of the Kingdom of Denmark but maintains its autonomous status.

Distinctive Features

Arguably the most prominent feature of Greenland is its thick ice sheet covering much of the land. Giant glaciers and natural ice formations create a spectacular landscape, providing mesmerizing vistas for visitors. In fact, Greenland hosts one of the world's two largest glaciers, the Ilulissat Glacier, which continues to flow and produce icebergs into the Labrador Sea.

Additionally, Greenland also boasts a number of active and inactive volcanoes. One of the most notable is the Third Thule volcano, which erupted thousands of years ago and now serves as a popular tourist attraction for climbers and adventurers.

Rich History

Greenland boasts a rich history, beginning with the arrival of the Inuit people who first inhabited the island around 4,500 years ago. The Viking explorations in the 10th century also left a historic legacy that can still be seen today, such as ancient settlements and artifacts found in various locations. Greenland then became a Danish colony in 1721 and remains a part of the Kingdom of Denmark to this day, albeit with greater autonomy in recent decades.


Despite its harsh climate conditions, Greenland is still home to various remarkable fauna species. Among the creatures inhabiting the island are polar bears, Arctic foxes, and reindeer. The coral reefs surrounding the island also serve as habitats for various species of fish and marine mammals.

Breathtaking Natural Beauty

The only word that can truly describe Greenland's natural scenery is "majestic." Towering icebergs, glittering glaciers, and beautiful fjords make every corner of this island feel like a perfect natural portrait. One of the most awe-inspiring natural phenomena is the Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis, which often illuminate the Greenlandic sky with a magical beauty. Moreover, the summer season in Greenland also offers equally stunning views, with colorful stretches of land and vast grasslands.

Climate Change Influence

Like many other Arctic regions, Greenland is also affected by rapid climate change. Rapid ice melting and global temperature increases have led to various changes in the island's ecosystem, including ocean warming affecting marine life and threatening species habitats such as polar bears.

Tourism and Research

Greenland attracts the interest of many tourists and researchers due to its dramatic natural beauty and potential for scientific discoveries. Extreme adventures, such as ice cap trekking and glacier hiking, appeal to visitors seeking extraordinary experiences. On the other hand, scientists are interested in studying the impacts of climate change in the Arctic region and tracing the geological history of the island.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite its strong allure for adventurers and nature lovers, Greenland also faces several challenges. Rapid climate change has led to alarming ice melt, affecting the island's ecosystem and the lives of local communities. Additionally, the rapid growth of the tourism industry raises questions about how to maintain the island's authenticity and environmental sustainability.

Nevertheless, these challenges also present opportunities. With increasing awareness of the importance of environmental protection, Greenland has the potential to become a model for sustainable development in the Arctic region. By balancing environmental protection with economic development, Greenland can preserve its natural beauty while providing benefits to its inhabitants.

Facts about Greenland

Hre are some facts about Greenland, among others:

1. Size

Greenland is the world's largest island, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans. It spans approximately 2.16 million square kilometers.

2. Ownership

While Greenland is geographically part of North America, it is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark.

3. Population

Despite its large size, Greenland has a relatively small population of around 56,000 people, primarily indigenous Greenlandic Inuit.

4. Ice Sheet

The island is renowned for its massive ice sheet, covering about 80% of its surface. This ice sheet is the second-largest in the world, after Antarctica.

5. Climate

Greenland experiences an Arctic climate with long, cold winters and short, cool summers. Temperatures can drop significantly, with some regions experiencing extreme cold.

6. Wildlife

Despite its harsh environment, Greenland is home to various species of Arctic wildlife, including polar bears, Arctic foxes, reindeer, seals, and whales.

7. Capital

The capital city of Greenland is Nuuk, located on the southwest coast. It is the largest city in Greenland and serves as its administrative and cultural center.

8. Culture

Greenlandic culture is deeply rooted in Inuit traditions and practices. Traditional activities such as hunting, fishing, and dog sledding remain important aspects of daily life for many Greenlanders.

9. Tourism

Greenland's stunning natural beauty, including fjords, glaciers, and icebergs, attracts tourists interested in adventure tourism, hiking, and experiencing the Arctic wilderness.

10. Challenges

Climate change poses significant challenges to Greenland, leading to the melting of its ice sheet, rising sea levels, and changes in wildlife habitats. Additionally, economic development and sustainability are ongoing concerns for the territory.


Greenland, as the largest island in the world, offers unforgettable natural charm. From majestic glaciers to unique wildlife, the beauty and complexity of this island inspire and invite further exploration. However, while we are captivated by its natural wonders, we must also acknowledge the challenges faced by the island due to rapid climate change. By preserving and understanding Greenland, we can learn much about our own planet and how we can protect its biodiversity and natural beauty for future generations.

Greenland is a captivating place with its breathtaking natural beauty, rich history, and diverse wildlife. Despite facing several challenges, the island also holds opportunities to serve as an example for sustainable development in an increasingly environmentally conscious era. For anyone daring to explore the edge of the world, Greenland offers an unforgettable experience and valuable lessons about the beauty and vulnerability of our natural world.

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