Getting to Know the Statue of Liberty | Berbagai Reviews

9 Februari 2024

Getting to Know the Statue of Liberty

| 9 Februari 2024
Facts About the Statue of Liberty in America

The Statue of Liberty, or Statue de la Liberté in French, stands as one of the most iconic symbols of freedom and international friendship. Majestically towering over New York Harbor, this statue has become a globally recognized emblem of the United States, drawing millions of visitors each year.

History of the Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty not only represents political freedom but also serves as a reminder of the relationship between the United States and France. It was gifted by the French government to the United States to commemorate the longstanding friendship between the two nations during the American Revolution and to celebrate the centennial of the Declaration of Independence. Erected in 1886, the statue was designed by French architect Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, with its internal steel structure engineered by French engineer Gustave Eiffel.

The Statue of Liberty stands proudly in New York Harbor as a symbol of freedom and hope for millions around the world. Its history is a tale of international friendship, political symbolism, and enduring significance.

a. Origins and Concept

The idea for the Statue of Liberty was born out of the friendship between France and the United States during the 19th century. French historian Édouard René de Laboulaye proposed the idea of a monument to commemorate the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence and to celebrate the longstanding alliance between the two nations. French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi was chosen to design the statue, while Gustave Eiffel, of Eiffel Tower fame, designed the internal structure.

b. Construction and Funding

Construction of the statue began in France in 1875. The statue itself was constructed from sheets of hammered copper, with a framework of iron bars supporting the copper skin. The pedestal, designed by American architect Richard Morris Hunt, was constructed on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island) in New York Harbor. The project faced numerous delays due to financial difficulties on both sides of the Atlantic. Fundraising efforts in the United States, including benefit concerts and art exhibitions, eventually raised enough money to complete the pedestal.

c. Transatlantic Journey and Dedication

In 1885, the disassembled statue arrived in New York Harbor aboard the French frigate Isère. Over the next year, the statue was reassembled on its pedestal, and on October 28, 1886, in front of a crowd of thousands, President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of Liberty as a gift from the people of France to the United States. The dedication ceremony marked the beginning of the statue's role as a symbol of freedom and democracy.

d. Symbolism and Meaning

The Statue of Liberty's design is rich in symbolism. The figure holds a torch aloft in her right hand, representing enlightenment and the path to liberty. In her left hand, she carries a tablet inscribed with the date of the American Declaration of Independence. The broken chains at her feet symbolize the abolition of slavery and the struggle for freedom. The seven rays of her crown represent the seven continents and seas of the world, underscoring the statue's message of universal freedom.

e. Legacy and Impact

Since its dedication, the Statue of Liberty has become an enduring symbol of freedom, democracy, and opportunity. It has welcomed generations of immigrants to the United States, serving as a beacon of hope and inspiration. The statue has also inspired countless works of art, literature, and popular culture, cementing its place as one of the most iconic landmarks in the world.

Design and Symbolism

The Statue of Liberty depicts a standing female figure holding a torch high in her right hand, while her left hand carries a tablet inscribed with the date "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI" (July 4, 1776 in Roman numerals), the date of the U.S. Declaration of Independence. The statue's crown is adorned with seven rays of light, symbolizing sunlight, freedom, and progress. At her feet lies a plaque inscribed with "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI," signifying America's Independence Day.

Meaning

The Statue of Liberty has become a symbol of freedom, democracy, and human rights worldwide. Since its dedication, the statue has welcomed millions of immigrants to the United States, offering them hope and dreams of a better life. It has also borne witness to America's history, including waves of immigration, social change, and political progress.

Cultural Influence

Beyond being a popular tourist attraction, the Statue of Liberty has inspired art, literature, and popular culture. It frequently appears in films, television, and literature as a symbol of American freedom and spirit. The statue also serves as a backdrop for national celebrations, such as fireworks displays on America's Independence Day.

Facts About the Statue of Liberty in America

1. French Gift 

The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France to the United States. It was given to commemorate the centennial of American independence and to symbolize the friendship between the two nations.

2. Construction

The statue was constructed in France and then disassembled and shipped to the United States in 1885. It was designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, with the internal structure designed by Gustave Eiffel.

3. Location

The Statue of Liberty stands on Liberty Island in New York Harbor. It is located near the entrance to New York City and is accessible by ferry from Battery Park in Manhattan or Liberty State Park in New Jersey.

4. Height

From the base to the tip of the torch, the Statue of Liberty stands at a height of 305 feet (93 meters). It was the tallest iron structure ever built when it was completed in 1886.

5. Symbolism

The statue's torch symbolizes enlightenment and the path to liberty, while the tablet she holds bears the date of the American Declaration of Independence. The seven rays on her crown represent the seven continents and seas of the world.

6. Dedication

The Statue of Liberty was officially dedicated on October 28, 1886, by President Grover Cleveland in a ceremony attended by thousands of people. It has since become a symbol of freedom and democracy worldwide.

7. Renovation

In 1986, the Statue of Liberty underwent a major renovation to repair damage caused by weathering and age. The restoration project, which included replacing the statue's original torch with a new copper torch covered in gold leaf, was completed in time for the statue's centennial celebration.

8. Visitors

The Statue of Liberty is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the United States, with millions of visitors from around the world coming to see it each year. Visitors can climb to the crown for a panoramic view of New York City and the surrounding area.

9. Symbol of Immigration

The Statue of Liberty has long been associated with immigration to the United States. It was often the first sight that immigrants saw as they arrived in America by ship, and it symbolizes the hope and opportunity that the country represents.

10. National Monument

In 1924, the Statue of Liberty was designated a National Monument by President Calvin Coolidge. It is managed by the National Park Service and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Conclusion

The Statue of Liberty is more than just a physical monument; it is a symbol of the values cherished by the United States and the global community at large. As an icon of freedom and international friendship, the statue continues to inspire people from all corners of the world to pursue their dreams and fight for their rights. In every instance, the Statue of Liberty remains a powerful reminder of the importance of freedom and unity in achieving a better society.

The history of the Statue of Liberty is a testament to the enduring bonds of friendship between nations and the universal ideals of freedom and democracy. From its origins as a gift from France to its iconic status as a symbol of hope and opportunity, the Statue of Liberty continues to inspire people around the globe to strive for a better, more inclusive world.


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